Fossil-based fuels have been decreasing all over the world and the energy requirements of power generation systems are increasing. Diesel engines are one of the most common and efficient power generation systems. However, national and international organizations impose various restrictions to reduce emissions from diesel engines. Reducing emissions and improving performance in diesel engines are one of the most common areas of work. Improvement of performance and emission parameters is possible with changes in alternative fuels, engine geometry and fuel injection systems.
In this study, the effects of different injection timing and injection duration on diesel engine performance and exhaust gas emissions have been investigated with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method. The numerical study has been carried out on a 4-stroke, single cylinder test engine and the results have been compared with the experimental results obtained from the literature. As a result of the study, combustion chamber speed profiles, fuel mass change, temperature, pressure, chemical heat release rate has been determined for the standard operating conditions. Parametric study has been performed for different injection timing and injection duration of engine. For each case, performance and emissions parameters have been determined. Analysis results has compared, and the most suitable injection parameters has been introduced.