ISSN: 2147-2955 / E-ISSN: 2148-9386
Volume : 9 Issue : 1 Year : 2021


JEMS apply the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0 International Licence to all manuscripts to be published
ABSTRACTING & INDEXING
Assessment of Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice Condition Differences in the Scope of the Polar Code [JEMS Maritime Sci]
JEMS Maritime Sci. 2021; 9(1): 31-40 | DOI: 10.4274/jems.2021.32448

Assessment of Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice Condition Differences in the Scope of the Polar Code

Meriç Karahalil1, Burcu Özsoy2
1Istanbul Technical University, Department of Maritime Transportation Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey
2Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK MAM), Polar Research Institute (KARE), Istanbul, Turkey

Polar regions face increasing challenges resulting from the interactions between global climate change, human activities, and economic and political pressures. As the sea ice extent trends diminish, maritime operations have started increasing in these regions. In this respect, an international concern has arisen for the shrinking of sea ice, preserving the environment, and passengers’ and seafarers’ safety. The International Maritime Organization has enforced the Polar Code (PC) for the ships navigating in these challenging Arctic and Antarctic waters. Polar regions are similar in some aspects but exhibit significant differences in geographical conditions, maritime activities, and legal status. Therefore, the PC that applies to both regions should be reconsidered, accounting for the differences between the areas for further development. This study considers the Arctic and Antarctic geographical differences relevant to the PC’s scope. The emphasis is placed on the changes regarding the sea ice extent and sea ice condition differences in the two regions, which are essential in maritime safety. This study also addresses the aspects of the PC that need improvement.

Keywords: Polar regions, Sea ice change, Maritime activities, Polar Code, Maritime safety

Meriç Karahalil, Burcu Özsoy. Assessment of Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice Condition Differences in the Scope of the Polar Code. JEMS Maritime Sci. 2021; 9(1): 31-40

Corresponding Author: Meriç Karahalil, Türkiye
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